Gum disease may progress painlessly, producing few obvious signs. That is one reason why regular dental check ups are very important.  Certain symptoms may point to some form of the disease. Visit your dentist immediately if you notice any of the following signs

  • Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth
  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Bad breath that doesn't go away
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • loose teeth
  • a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • a change in the fit of partial dentures

Even if you don't notice any symptoms, you may still have some degree of gum disease. Only a dentist can recognise and determine the progression of gum disease

What Causes Gum Disease?

The main cause of gum disease is plaque, however, factors like the following also affect the health of your gums.

  • Build up of plaque or tartar
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Systemic diseases such as diabetes
  • Some types of medication
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly
  • Crooked teeth
  • Fillings that have become defective
  • Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
  • Clenching or grinding your teeth
  • Poor nutrition

How can I prevent gum disease?

  • Brush twice a day for at least 3 minutes each time & floss daily. If you're not sure whether you're brushing or flossing properly, your dentist can show you the best techniques.
  • Always brush with toothpaste that contains fluoride
  • Use a toothbrush with soft, polished bristles
  • Eat a healthy diet - avoid snacks and junk foods packed with sugar that plaque-causing bacteria love to feed on.
  • Don't smoke
  • Regular dental care is extremely important in helping to keep your mouth healthy Visit your dentist for routine care, especially cleaning, at least twice a year. Your dentist can remove hardened plaque and any tartar that you're not getting to with brushing or flossing

Gum disease will not go away by itself or with improved home care. The only way of removing plaque deep under the gums is with professional cleanings. Once you have had a gum problem you will always be susceptible to recurring problems, so be sure to see your dentist on a regular basis - every three to four months, unless he or she recommends otherwise. Gum disease will not go away by itself or with improved home care. The only way of removing plaque deep under the gums is with professional cleanings.